‘American Schindler’ helped 4,000 Jews escape the Nazis

‘American Schindler’ helped

 4,000 Jews escape the Nazis

Sourced from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/…/American-Schindler-helped-4000-Jews-escape-the-Nazis.html

 

 

An American journalist saved up to 4,000 Jews from the Nazis and helped ship some of the brightest Jewish minds from art and literature to New York, newly released passenger figures show.

By Fiona Govan
Published: 9:00PM BST 17 Aug 2010

Varian Fry on a blacony in Berlin Photo: USHMM Photo Archive

Those saved by Varian Fry, known as the American Oskar Schindler, include Marc Chagall, the Jewish French-Russian artist, Claude Levi-Strauss, the French anthropologist, and surrealist artist, Marcel Duchamp.

But while Schindler, a German Industrialist, has been internationally recognised for saving an estimated 1,200 Jews – his story was made into the 1993 film Schindler’s List, directed by Steven Spielberg – the full extent of Fry’s heroic efforts is only now coming to light.

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Others who owed him their life to Fry were artists Max Ernst and Andre Breton, the Nobel laureate physiologist Otto Meyerhof, mathematician Jaques Hadamard, and writers Franz Werfel, Hannah Arendt and Heinrich Mann.

A Harvard Classical scholar, who had covered Hitler’s rise to power before the outbreak of war for an American newspaper, Fry returned to New York and dedicated himself to raising funds to help persecuted Jews escape to America.

This month marks the 70th anniversary since Fry first arrived in Marseille as part of the Emergency Rescue Committee (ERC) an independent organization set up by wealthy Americans concerned with the persecution of the Jews.

Fry arrived in the French port with a chequebook and a list of 200 intellectuals deemed at greatest risk from the Gestapo. He spent a year fighting bureaucracy to bring them, their families and several thousand other Jews to start a new life in America.

The list of those he saved has been traced through historical records published on the family history website Ancestry.co.uk.

Annabel Bernhardt from the online archive service said: “Like so many who acted in opposition to the Nazis, Varian Fry is something of a forgotten hero.

“Therefore with 70 years having now passed since he started his important work which ultimately saved thousands of lives, it is important to remember him, and also to explore his legacy through historical records.”

Fry, who died in 1967, a month before his 60th birthday, was posthumously named ‘Righteous Among Nations’ in 1995 by Yad Vasham, Israel’s Holocaust Memorial, the first American to be awarded the honour reserved for those non-Jews who risked their lives to save Jews from the Nazis.

A documentary film about the time he spent in Marseille is currently in production.

Sourced from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/…/American-Schindler-helped-4000-Jews-escape-the-Nazis.html

 

www.telegraph.co.uk/…/American-Schindler-helped-4000-Jews-escape-the-Nazis.htmlwww.telegraph.co.uk/…/American-Schindler-helped-4000-Jews-escape-the-Nazis.html

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One Response to “‘American Schindler’ helped 4,000 Jews escape the Nazis”

  1. craig lock Says:

    Thanks for the follow/link/like/reblog/comment and/or kind thought(s)

    Hi

    CAN’T KEEP UP…BUT THANKS FOR THE “THANX”

    I’ve had many many hundreds of thousands (“zillions”) of comments on my various other WordPress blogs at https://craigsblogs.wordpress.com/2011/09/09/craigs-list-of-blogs-updated-sept-2011/
    in recent years …true!) …a few of my blogs went “balistically viral” a few years back.

    Obsessive or WHAT! Am really pleased you are enjoying my writings, as the reason I write is to share. However I am unable to keep up with the comments and was spending entire days just on replies on my various blog pages.

    Though I’m rather “driven”, I still get really, really fatigued (there’s a few books there). so sorry can’t reply individually to all you good people scattered around the planet, but DO try to read as many as possible daily (and even moderate a few when I get a “mo”), I got swamped with comments on my various blogs, so have had to close them off on all of my blogs, except for one or two of particular interest to me.

    Sorry and hope you can understand.

    * “Don’t bend; don’t water it down; don’t try to make it logical; don’t edit your own soul according to the fashion. Rather, follow your most intense obsessions mercilessly.”

    ~ Franz Kafka

    I do really appreciate your liking, linking to and/or following this blog (and “writing in”), so “thanks for the thanx”

    “As we live and move and have our being, so from this vision, we create heaven in our own lives… and perhaps even heaven on earth.”
    – craig (as inspired by Acts 17:28 and the words of Felicia Searcy)

    “Aim at the earth and you may not get off the ground.a
    “Aim at the stars and you may reach the moon.”
    “Aim at heaven and you’ll have earth thrown in…
    and you may even hit the stars.”
    – craig (as inspired by the famous quote by CS Lewis – 24th May 2012)

    “When once you have tasted flight, you will forever walk the earth with your eyes turned skyward, for there you have been, and there you will always long to return.”
    – Leonardo da Vinci

    When (or if ever) you arrive in heaven, let faith, hope and love be the wings that carried you there.”

    – as adapted from the inspiring words of Jonathan Edwards, former minister in New England, Massachusetts

    “The Greatest Race: Living by (with) faith, hope and love is the highest podium any person can reach, God’s podium that anyone stand on.”
    – c

    “Having pursued the goals, the dreams set before us and run the race with persistence and endurance, after giving it all. Then one day standing on the summit of life, breathing in the pure sweet oxygen of achievement, totally satisfied in running the greatest race, the race of life one that ANYONE can run and win.”

    from http://racetothechequeredflag.wordpress.com/
    and http://www.godandformula1.wordpress.com

    “If a man is called to be a street-sweeper,
    he should sweep streets even as Michelangelo painted,
    or Beethoven composed music, or
    Shakespeare wrote poetry.
    He should sweep streets so well
    that all the hosts of heaven and earth will pause to say,
    here lived a great street sweeper
    who did his job well.”
    – Dr Martin Luther King, Jr.

    PPS
    Instead of trying to reply to each one of you, I’ll just keep on writing

    “If the doctor told me I had six minutes to live, I’d type a little faster.”

    The various books* that Craig “felt inspired to write” are available at http://www.amazon.com/-/e/B005GGMAW4

    https://www.amazon.com/Craig-Lock/e/B005GGMAW4/ref=pe_584750_33951330_sr_tc_2_0?qid=1476388259&sr=1-2-ent

    http://www.amazon.co.uk/-/e/B005GGMAW4

    http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=la_B005GGMAW4_sr?rh=i%3Abooks&field-author=Craig+Lock

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    http://www.creativekiwis.com/index.php/books

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    All proceeds go to needy and underprivileged children –
    MINE!

    “When the writer is no more , the value of your purchase will soar! ”

    Don’t worry about the world ending today…
    as it’s already tomorrow in scenic and tranquil ‘little’ New Zealand

    PPS

    “I wish you well on a rainy day
    I wish you rainbows to brighten your day
    To feel your quiet moments with a special kind of warmth
    to remind you that happiness can happen
    when you least expect it.

    I wish you rainbows to make you laugh and smile
    to show you the simple beauty of life
    and to give you the magic of dreams come true.

    I wish you rainbows
    I wish you well.”

    – Larry S. Chengges

    ”Since I can never see your face,
    And never shake you by the hand,
    I send my soul through time and space
    To greet you. You will understand.”

    – James Elroy Flecker (1884-1915)

    Like

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